It is estimated that 75% of the world’s primate species suffer from population decline due to ever increasing anthropogenic pressure. According to the IUCN, 18% (93 of 512) of the world’s primate species are directly impacted by roads and railroads and 3% (17 of 512) by utility and service lines with research investigating impacts on and mitigation measures for primates starting to gain more attention. Given that the African continent is home to a highly diverse primate fauna (107 species) and that African economies are currently among the world’s fastest growing, linear infrastructure poses severe threats to wildlife including primates. The most direct and visible impact of roads, power lines and railways are mortalities. And although mortality reduction is a central concept in the field of linear infrastructure ecology, the extent of what we are losing in terms of local and global wildlife is still not well understood nor documented, particularly for primate species. Regarding mitigating linear infrastructure impacts on primates, canopy bridges have shown to be highly suitable in reducing mortalities. Here I would like to give an overview of the state of knowledge on linear infrastructure impacts on primates and mitigation efforts to date in Africa, using results from my own research in South Africa and research done to date by others across primate rage countries. Specifically, I will focus on a) how many and which countries in Africa have done or are doing research on this topic, b) which aspects are researched (e.g. measuring impact through documenting mortalities and/or implementing canopy bridges for mitigation); c) how many countries have implemented mitigation measures, d) how efforts in Africa compare to other primate range regions, e) what canopy bridge designs are used across primate range countries, f) what the current state of knowledge on canopy bridge success for mitigating primate linear infrastructure impact is, and lastly g) what the knowledge gaps and challenges are that still need to be addressed.