In 2019, Arizona conducted a statewide study of wildlife-vehicle collisions using various sources of data including vehicle crash records, roadway maintenance logs and wildlife migration data. The study identified a series of real and potential collision hotspots and possible treatment options for these locations. Like many states, Arizona lacks funding for most types of roadway upgrades including wildlife-vehicle safety countermeasures. Roadway funding is typically reserved for meeting the needs of growing population centers or freight corridors. Wildlife-vehicle conflicts are more common on lower capacity rural state roads. Roadway safety funding is typically provided through a Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) program known as the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) which relies heavily on the use of crash modification factors (CMF) developed in peer reviewed traffic safety studies of specific countermeasures. Unfortunately , many proven safety countermeasures developed in peer reviewed biological studies have not been evaluated by FHWA and therefore lack recognized CMFs. Lacking these CMF based assessments, HSIP applications for federal funding of wildlife-vehicle collision countermeasures were unable to compete with other applications based on proven safety countermeasures. Following the publication of the Arizona wildlife-vehicle collision study, the Arizona Department of Transportation (ADOT) and Game and Fish (AZGFD) worked with the local FHWA office to develop a process to convert the results of these biological studies into applicable traffic safety related CMFs. This allowed a funding mechanism for wildlife-vehicle collision countermeasures on Arizona roadways.